Buyamayum Liyaquat Ali

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This Page is maintained by Buyamayum Liyaqat Ali : RTI Activist

Article 01: Inferior & Superior: An important factor towards a harmonious Manipur

Inferior & Superior: An important factor towards a harmonious Manipur

We are all born the same way and therefore deserve same rights and acceptance as long as we all follow laws of the land and comply with the norms set to protect all individuals. But throughout history certain groups of people have faced discrimination, segregation and injustice because they are of a specific race, profession, religion or culture. These inequalities persist even today in the form of inferior and superior.The struggle of equality seems to be only on the rule book. These differences need to be absorbed before it reaches the highest point of enmity towards others and destruction to our society.

  • Individual: The differences created by income and profession is widening day by day in our society. A growing income divide can foster bitterness and animosity between individuals, threaten democracy, and destabilize the economy. Rich peoples are regarded with higher esteem than the poor one. School authorities gives more importance and respect to a person who donate large sum of money than a person whose child excel in the class. Transport and Police authorities talk in a respectable tone to a person driving car but they use rude language to a person driving motorcycle or cycle. You can easily differentiate the conduct of traffic police near Polo ground and Imphal airport. Observe the differences of words, tone and language when a Manager speaks to Assistant Manager and Workers. Roadside vendors are kick off immediately by policemen but they will wait for Court's approval to destruct a shopping mall constructed flouting safety norms and other regulations.At present our society is clearly divided into four classes viz Politicians, Businessmen, Administrative Official, Rich people and Poor people. Politicians feels that they are superior from everyone around him and poor peoples are forced to feel that they are inferior to everyone around him. This divide between individuals hinders our development and economy. A poor person or worker would do his mandatory duties but he may not work wholeheartedly in a company owned by a rich businessman which in turn affects productivity and quality of the company. And on the other side if the politicians doesn't work with complete sincerity and commitment for the poor people it will largely affect the overall development of our society. Inferior or superior mindset by a person holding certain post largely contributes to destruction of any organizational setup in our society.
  • Gender: The struggle for gender equality has been one of the major concerns in our society. The difference in sex and physical form denotes no difference in status. Woman is the complement of man, and not inferior. The birth of a son is being celebrated while the birth of a daughter is filled with pain. Boys are encouraged to be tough and outgoing but girls are encouraged to be homebound . Women are discourage from taking the property of her parents. Women are also discourage from taking part in traditional local discussion of any issues. All these differences has adverse impact on development goals and consequently reduces economic growth.
  • Community: People of every community thinks that their community is the best and they started looking down other's community. Meitei feels that they are superior from any communities living in Manipur due to their majority in population and inheritance of Manipur kingdom. And in the same way Tribals feels that they are superior from any other communities since all the Major Highways which connect Manipur to mainland India are under their control. Pangals are forced to feel inferior to other communities. Omitting the name of a Pangal football player from their list of players recently by some Manipuri media outlets is an extension of the implied inferior social status to Pangal community by other communities. Terms "How Macha", "Pangal Macha" and "Meitei Macha" are used by a person to another person of a different community in inferior mindset.Every community should respect the people and sentiment of another community to maintain harmony in our society. The words of Russian philosopher, Simon Soloveychik "The demeaning of dignity is almost the only reason for a fight" should always be in our minds. Starve for dignity, clash of ego and thrive for social status are among the reasons of Mount Koubru and Naga controversy in Manipur and it is also the main cause of any communal violence in our country.

Absolute equality is, in fact, an impossible ideal. Nature itself has created such vital differences between men that no power can make and keep them equal. No one with eyes in his head can or will deny the existence of these human differences. But people of every community should keep an Eagle's eye on limited number of people with vested interest who tries to defy the traditional social fabric in our society for their own purpose and advantage.


Indian Muslims are used by both the two main political parties of India as their vote bank. Unfortunately cow plays an important role in their politics. Everyone knows the holiness of cow to Hindu community but using cow as political tool will have an repulsive impact in Indian Society. British government ordered Indian sepoys to open greased cartridge of cow and pig fat to test their obedience. The act insulted both Hindu and Muslim religious practices and it became a reason of 1857 British-India rebellion. Mixing religion with politics will affect the communal harmony of our society and it may cause rebellion or communal violence in future.

Present Indian government is scoring several political points from the politics of cow. They are appeasing Hindu voters and holding Muslim voters simultaneously by amplifying the issue of cow protection. Let us analyze an incident how the BJP government is scoring political points from the issue of cow protection. Inspite of having prevention of cruelty to animals Act, 1960 and many other laws for animals protection, Manipur government issued a notification for animals protection by mentioning Bakra-eid on the eve of this festival. Many Manipuri Muslim NGO's shout on the top of their voice as if they are fighting a fire for Muslim community for a notification issued probably aiming the upcoming Manipuri Assembly election in early 2022. Since majority of the population of Manipur are omnivores, it will not have large political impact on other communities except Muslim voters. Muslim voters are irk by certain policies of central BJP government. By issuing the notification Manipur government is showing to central government that they are following their steps. And on the other hand they are holding Manipuri Muslim voters. The notification may not apply wholeheartedly by Manipur government and their candidates will say that the ideology of Manipur BJP government is different from BJP government at the centre to woo the Muslim voters.

Politics of cow can be observed all over the country. In different parts of the country the central government attract Hindu voters by boosting their sentiments on cow protection and individual candidates may act as savior from cow related violence to hold Muslim voters. Beef is freely available in states like Goa, West Bengal, Kerala, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland etc Tripura. Many of these states are ruled by BJP. Anyone can find beef meat in all major cities of India. Recent data by United States Department of Agriculture indicates that India was the fourth largest exporter of beef and veal including water buffalo during the first quarter of 2021. If the Iron hand of central BJP government want complete ban of cow slaughter, it is only a matter of few months. Then why they aren't doing so?

Creating a psychosis of fear against Muslim community to appease Hindu voters will only derail the real issue of cow protection. In October 2019 I went to Jamnagar, Gujarat, the home state of our present Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. I was there for a professional course and stayed in a hotel near Jamnagar railway station. My training site was around 15 Km far from the hotel and I travelled the distance everyday by bus. On the way from my hotel to training site, there were many cows roaming on the streets of Jamnagar blocking roads and causing traffic jam. When I asked one of the local people about the roaming cows he told me that the cows were abandoned by Muslim owners due to fear of violence from various cow protection groups in that area. After few days I saw a death cow near my hotel probably she might have died due to food poisoning. The intention of narrating my trip is that if the government really want to protect cows why they are allowing abandoned cows to roam on the streets and let them die? Is the government protecting cows or destroying them for political mileage?

There are many options of Qurbani, the religious tradition of Muslim community, other than cow but don't play politics in the name of cows. If the government want to ban slaughter of cows, ban it permanently without any politicization. Many precious human lives has been lost due to cow related violence in India. India is a multireligious society, respecting the sentiments of others is laudable but respect, peace and communal harmony cannot come with the threat of mass violence on an entire community and cow protection cannot be maintained at gunpoint.

------ Buyamayum Liyaquat Ali, Ex-Navy & RTI activist from Mayang Imphal, Manipur